Research Publications

No-Fault Auto Injury Claims in Michigan: A Study of Closed Claims and Open Catastrophic Claims

This report identifies some of the key factors contributing to the large increases in PIP claim costs in Michigan from 2002 to 2011, examining changes in the composition of claimants and in treatment patterns among claims closed with payment. The study also pays special attention to the role of very large claims, with information collected on a sample of catastrophic open claims.

The Long-Term Effects of Rate Regulatory Reforms in Automobile Insurance Markets

This study provides evidence of the positive impact of relaxing stringent rate regulations in the automobile insurance markets of South Carolina (reformed in 1999), New Jersey (reformed in 2003), and Massachusetts (reformed in 2008). Estimates show that rate reforms have led to a number of positive developments in these markets without leading to increases in insurance prices or reductions in insurance availability. Overall, the regulatory reforms in these states have improved the performance of the insurance market for both consumers and insurers.

Trends in Auto Injury Claims, 2011 Edition

New findings from an Insurance Research Council (IRC) study of auto injury claim trends indicate that insurance claim costs countrywide have recently increased, reversing previous trends of declining or relatively stable costs. The report, Trends in Auto Injury Claims, 2011 Edition, documents important auto injury claim trends, both countrywide and by state, using private passenger auto claim data from national and state-level statistical reporting agencies.

New York’s No-Fault System: Final Report on Closed Auto Injury Claims

New findings from an Insurance Research Council (IRC) study of personal injury protection (PIP) claims closed in 2010 show that claimed losses for medical expenses, lost wages, and other expenses related to injuries from auto accidents in the New York City area have risen 70 percent over the past decade, surpassing the 49 percent increase in medical care inflation over the same period.

The Impact of Third-Party Bad-Faith Reforms on Automobile Liability Insurance Costs in West Virginia

According to a new study from the Insurance Research Council (IRC), third-party bad-faith reforms adopted by the West Virginia State Legislature in 2005 were estimated to have reduced underlying insurance coverage costs by approximately $200 million in the five-year period after the reforms were enacted.

Public Attitude Monitor 2011, Accident Response Fees

Sixty-eight percent of adults disagree with the idea that local governments should charge accident response fees to individuals involved in traffic accidents, according to a new study from the Insurance Research Council (IRC). When reminded that requiring insurance companies to pay accident response fees could lead to higher auto insurance costs, 69 percent of survey respondents disagreed with the idea of local governments charging accident response fees.

Uninsured Motorists, 2011 Edition

Across the United States, chances are roughly one in seven that a driver is uninsured, according to new estimates from the Insurance Research Council (IRC). The estimated percentage of uninsured motorists declined four straight years before rising to 14.3 percent in 2008 and dropping to 13.8 percent in 2009. The economic downturn is thought to be a major factor in the brief increase.

The Impact of First-Party Bad-Faith Legislation on Key Insurance Claim Trends in Washington State

According to a new study from the Insurance Research Council (IRC), evidence suggests that legislation adopted by the Washington State Legislature in 2007 and approved in a statewide voter referendum may have caused an increase in homeowners insurance claim costs in the state. It is estimated that claim costs were as much as $190 million greater than they otherwise would have been in the two-year period following the law’s enactment. The Insurance Fair Conduct Act, commonly referred to as R-67, eased restrictions for aggrieved insurance claimants filing lawsuits alleging bad faith against their own insurance companies, and authorized the payment of virtually unlimited punitive damages to bad-faith claimants, in addition to the payment of actual damages, attorneys’ fees, and court costs.

PIP Claiming Behavior and Claim Outcomes in Florida’s No-Fault Insurance System

Almost one in every three no-fault auto insurance claims closed in Florida in 2007 appeared to involve the exaggeration of an injury or to be inflated by unnecessary or excessive medical treatment, according to a new study from the Insurance Research Council (IRC). In addition, as many as one in ten no-fault claims appeared to be fraudulent, with material misrepresentation of some or all aspects of the claim, such as claims based on fictitious accidents.

New York’s No-Fault System: Preliminary Findings From Closed Auto Injury Claims

About one in every five no-fault auto insurance claims closed in the New York City area in 2010 appears to have elements of fraud, and as many as one in three claims appears to be inflated, according to a new study from the Insurance Research Council (IRC). From 2007 to 2010, the percentage of no-fault claims in the New York City area with the appearance of claim abuse rose from 29 percent to 35 percent.